HEADER

 CONJUNCTIONS

WHAT ARE CONJUNCTIONS?

A WORDS THAT ARE USED TO JOIN WORDS, GROUP OF WORDS OR SENTENCES ARE JOINING WORDS. WHEN  WORDS ARE JOINING ON SPECIAL ACTION OR EVENTS AT THE SAME TIME CALLED CONJUNCTIONS.  WHEN WE HAVE TO JOIN TWO WORDS OR TWO SENTENCES A WORDS IS USED TO JOIN THEM IS CALLED THE CONJUNCTIONS. 
EXAMPLES: I AND MY FATHER BOTH ARE PLAYING FOOTBALL.
                      CHINKY LIKES SINGING BUT MINKY LIKES DANCING.
THE WORDS IS THE BOLD ARE CALLED CONJUNCTIONS.

LEARN SOME MORE SENTENCES:
  1. A MAN AND A WOMAN WENT TOGETHER.
  2. THE MAN WAS TALL BUT THE WOMAN WAS SHORT.
  3. RAM WAS THIN BUT LAXMAN WAS FAT.
  4. THE MAN WAS TALL AND THIN BUT THE WOMAN WAS SHORT AND FAT.
  5. WAS THE WOMAN TALL OR SHORT?
  6. WAS THE WOMAN THIN OR FAT?
  7. KAMAL CANNOT DRINK TEA BECAUSE IT IS TOO HOT.
  8. RAVI IS ILL SO HE CANNOT GO TO SCHOOL.
  9. JACK AND JILL WENT UP THE HILL.
  10. IS THE CAT ON THE TABLE OR UNDER THE TABLE?
THE WORDS IN BOLD ARE CONJUNCTIONS.
  • WE USED AND TO JOIN NOUNS OR PRONOUNS OR TWO SHORT SENTENCES. EXAMPLES:-
1) I BOUGHT CUPS AND SAUCERS.
2) SHEELA AND I STUDY IN THE SAME CLASS.
3) TOM IS JUMPING. MIRA IS SKIPPING.- TOM IS JUMPING AND MIRA IS SKIPPING.

WE USE 'AND' TO MEAN 'BOTH' OR WHEN THE MEANING HAS SOME RELATION.
  •  WE USE BUT TO JOIN CONTRASTING WORDS OR SENTENCES. EXAMPLE: - 
1) FOOD WAS DELICIOUS BUT VERY EXPENSIVE.
2) RAMU IS POOR BUT AN HONEST MAN.
3) ASHOK IS TALL. HIS SISTER IS SHORT. - ASHOK IS TALL BUT HIS SISTER IS SHORT.

WE USE 'BUT' TO SHOW CONTRAST.
  • WE USE OR WHENEVER THERE IS A CHOICE OR AN ALTERNATIVE. EXAMPLE: - 
1) WILL YOU HAVE COFFEE OR TEA?
2) RUDRA CAN GO BY BUS OR BY TRAIN.
3) WAS THE WOMAN YOUNG? WAS THE WOMAN OLD? - WAS THE WOMAN YOUNG OR OLD?

WE USE ' OR' TO MAKE A CHOICE OR SELECT AN OPTION.
  • WE USE 'BECAUSE' WHEN THE SECOND PART OF A SENTENCE GIVES A REASON. EXAMPLE: -
1) ANITA WENT TO DELHI BECAUSE HER MOTHER WAS ILL.
2)SITA WAS ABSENT BECAUSE SHE HAD CHICKENPOX.
3) KAMALA COULD NOT DRINK TEA. IT WAS TOO HOT. -  KAMALA COULD NOT DRINK TEA BECAUSE IT WAS TOO HOT.

WE USE 'BECAUSE' TO GIVE A REASON OR ANSWER 'WHY' QUESTIONS.
  • 'BOTH' IS USED TO TALK ABOUT TWO PERSONS OR THINGS. EXAMPLE: - 
BOTH MY BROTHER AND SISTER ARE TEACHERS.
  • 'SO' IS USED TO SHOW THE PURPOSE OF SOMETHING. EXAMPLE:-
I EXERCISED DAILY SO I LOST WEIGHT.
  • 'AS' IS USED TO SHOW THE REASON. WHEN THE REASON IS MENTIONED FIRST, WE NEED TO BEGIN THE SENTENCE WITH AS.
I COULD NOT PLAY CRICKET AS IT WAS RAINING.

 LET US DO SOME PRACTICE OF CONJUNCTION BY DOING SOME EXCERSICE:
1) PICK OUT THE CONJUNCTION FROM THE FOLLOWING.


2) FILL IN THE BLANKS WITH PROPER CONJUNCTION.


3) JOIN THE SENTENCE BY USING THE WORD 'AND'
  • I WENT INTO THE SHOP. I BOUGHT AN ICE CREAM. 
ANS: I WENT INTO THE SHOP AND BOUGHT AN ICE CREAM.
  • THE BOY OPENED THE DOOR. HE WALKED IN.
ANS: THE BOY OPENED THE DOOR AND WALKED IN.
  • I PICKED UP THE GLASS. I FILLED IT WITH WATER.
ANS: I PICKED UP THE GLASS AND FILLED IT WITH WATER.
  • SUDHIR SAW THE HELICOPTER. HE JUMPED WITH JOY.
ANS: SUDHIR SAW THE HELICOPTER AND JUMPED WITH JOY.

4) JOIN THE SENTENCE BY USING THE WORD 'BUT'
  • ALI RACED TO CATCH THE BUS. HE MISSED IT.
ANS: ALI RACED TO CATCH THE BUS BUT HE MISSED IT.
  • THE STARS ARE SHINING. THE MOON IS BEHIND A CLOUD.
ANS: THE STARS ARE SHINING BUT THE MOON IS BEHIND A CLOUD.
  • FEATHERS ARE SOFT. ROCKS ARE HARD.
ANS: FEATHERS ARE SOFT BUT ROCKS ARE HARD.
  • MAY IS WARM. DECEMBER IS COLD.
ANS: MAY IS WARM BUT DECEMBER IS COLD.

5) JOIN THE SENTENCE BY USING 'OR'
  • IS THIS BAG YOURS? IS THIS BAG RIYA'S?
ANS: IS THIS BAG YOURS OR RIYS'S?
  • WOULD YOU LIKE A PARROT FOR A PET? WOULD YOU LIKE A CAT FOR A PET?
ANS: WOULD YOU LIKE A PARROT FOR A PET OR A CAT?
  • DID YOU MEET ALKA IN MUMBAI? DID YOU MEET ALKA IN BANGALORE?
ANS: DID YOU MEET ALKA IN MUMBAI OR BANGALORE?

6) JOIN THE SENTENCE BY USING 'BECAUSE'
  • AZHAR HAS GONE TO REST. HE IS VERY TIRED.
ANS: AZHAR HAS GONE TO REST BECAUSE HE IS VERY TIRED.
  • SHALINI BOUGHT A PACKET OF JUICE. SHE WAS VERY THIRSTY.
ANS: SHALINI BOUGHT A PACKET OF JUICE  BECAUSE SHE WAS VERY THIRSTY.
  • THE CHILDREN CAN PLAY OUTSIDE. IT HAS STOPPED RAINING.
ANS: THE CHILDREN CAN PLAY OUTSIDE BECAUSE IT HAS STOPPED RAINING.


1 Comments

  1. Excellent effort by activity to clear concept of interjections and conjunctions

    ReplyDelete

Post a comment

Previous Post Next Post