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 VERBS


WHAT IS VERBS?

VERBS ARE SAYING AND DOING WORDS. THEY TELL SOMETHING ABOUT THE ACTION TAKING PLACE IN THE SENTENCE. VERBS CHANGE FORM ACCORDING TO THE TIME OF THE ACTION.
A VERB CONVEYS AN ACTION, AN OCCURENCE, OR A STATE OF BEING. IN THE BASIC FORM , WITH OR WITHOUT THE PARTICLE TO, IS THE INFINITIVE. VARBS ARE ALSO INFLECTED TO ENCODE TENSE.

FORMS OF VERBS

THERE ARE BASICALLY FOUR FORMS OF VERBS:

1. ROOT FORM : 

THIS FORM OF THE VERB IS USED WHEN AN ACTION SHOWS HABITS, GENERAL TRUTHS OR FACTS. IT IS THE BASE FORM OF WORD. THIS IS JUST LIKE A ROOT OF TREES ,  ROOTS ARE VERY NECESSARY TO GROW PLANT. AS BASE OF WORD IS NECESSARY TO CONVERT WORDS FROM ONE FORM TO ANOTHER FORM.

EXAMPLE:- 
1) SHE SLEEPS.(DOES)
2) HE JUMPS.(DOES)
3) IT EATS. (DOES)

2. PAST FORM:

THIS FORM OF THE VERB IS USED WHEN AN ACTION HAPPENED IN THE PAST. 
EXAMPLE:-
1) HE SLEPT. (DID)
2) SHE JUMPED.(DID)
3) IT ATE.(DID)

3. PAST PARTICIPLE FORM:

THIS FORM OF THE VERB IS USED WHEN AN ACTION HAS JUST COMPLETED.
EXAMPLE:-
1) HE HAS SLEPT. (DONE)
2) SHE HAS JUMPED.(DONE)
3) IT HAS EATEN.(DONE)

4.-ING FORM:

THIS FORM OF THE VERB IS USED WHEN AN ACTION IS GOING ON AT THE TIME OF SPEAKING.
EXAMPLE:-
1) HE IS SLEEPING. (DOING)
2) SHE IS JUMPING. (DOING)
3) IT IS EATING. (DOING)

VERBS CAN BE CLASSIFIED INTO TWO TYPES:
1) WEAK / REGULAR VERBS:
 IN WEAK VERBS '-D', '-ED', OR '-T' MAY BE ADDED TO CHANGE THE FORM.
E.G. SUBSTRACT                  SUBTRACTED                SUBSTRACTED

2) STORNG/ IRREGULAR VERBS:
THESE VERBS DO NOT END WITH '-ED' IN THEIR PAST AS WELL AS PARTICIPLE FORM.
E.G. DO                                 DID                                        DONE


SOME WEAK/ REGULAR VERBS
    

        

BASE FORM

PAST FORM

PAST PARTICIPLE

CONTINUOUS

(DO)

(DID)

(DONE)

(-ING)

AGREE

AGREED

AGREED

AGREEING

BEND

BENT

BENT

BENDING

CREEP

CREPT

CREPT

CREEPING   

CROSS

CROSSED

CROSSED

CROSSING

DIE

DIED

DIED

DYING

DIVIDE

DIVIDED

DIVIDED

DIVIDING

DROP

DROPPED

DROPPED

DROPPING

DROWN

DROWNED

DROWNED

DROWNING

FLOW

FLOWED

FLOWED

FLOWING

GET

GOT

GOT

GETTING

FEED

FED

FED

FEEDING

KEEP

KEPT

KEPT

KEEPING

LEAVE

LEFT

LEFT

LEAVING

FEEL

FELT

FELT

FEELING

HOPE

HOPED

HOPED

HOPING

LEARN

LEARNT

LEARNT

LEARNING

LEND

LENT

LENT

LENDING

LIVE

LIVED

LIVED

LIVING

LOSE

LOST

LOST

LOSING

MAKE

MADE

MADE

MAKING

MEAN

MEANT

MEANT

MEANING

PAY

PAID

PAID

PAYING

SAY

SAID

SAID

SAYING

SELL

SOLD

SOLD

SELLING

SEND

SENT

SENT

SENDING

SHOOT

SHOT

SHOT

SHOOTING

SHOW

SHOWED

SHOWED/SHOWN

SHOWING

SLEEP

SLEPT

SLEPT

SLEEPING

SMELL

SMELT

SMELT

SMELLING

SPEND

SPENT

SPENT

SPENDING

STUDY

STUDIED

STUDIED

STUDYING

USE

USED

USED

USING

WEEP

WEPT

WEPT

WEEPING

 

 

 

 

CUT

CUT

CUT

CUTTING

HIT

HIT

HIT

HITTING

PUT

PUT

PUT

PUTTING

READ

READ

READ

READING

SHUT

SHUT

SHUT

SHUTTING

LET

LET

LET

LETTING

HURT

HURT

HURT

HURTING

COST

COST

COST

COSTING


  STONG/ IRREGULAR VERBS

BASE FORM

PASTFORM

PAST PARTICIPLE

CONTINUOUS

    (DO)

(DID)

(DONE)

(-ING)

    ARISE

AROSE

ARISEN

ARISING

    AWAKE

AWOKE

AWOKEN

AWAKING

    BE

WAS, WERE

BEEN

BEING

    BEAR

BORE

BORNE

BEARING

    BEAT

BEAT

BEATEN

BEATING

    BECOME

BECAME

BECOME

BECOMING

    BEGIN

BEGAN

BEGUN

BEGINNING

    BET

BET, BETTED

BET

BETTING

    BIND

BOUND

BOUND

BINDING

    BITE

BIT

BITTEN

BITTING

    BLEED

BLED

BLED

BLEEDING

    BLOW

BLEW

BLOWN

BLOWING

    BREAK

BROKE

BROKEN

BREAKING

    BREED

BRED

BRED

BREEDING

    BRING

BROUGHT

BROUGHT

BRINGING

    BROADCAST

BROADCAST    

BROADCAST

BROADCASTING

    BUILD

BUILT

BUILT

BUILDING

    BURN

BURNT/

BURNED

BURNT/

BURNED 

BURNING

    BURST

BURST

BURST

BURSTING

    BUY

BOUGHT

BOUGHT

BUYING

    CATCH

CAUGHT

CAUGHT

CATCHING

    CHOOSE

CHOSE

CHOSEN

CHOOSING

    COME

CAME

COME

COMING

    DEAL

DEALT

DEALT

DEALING

    DIG

DUG

DUG

DIGGING

    DO

DID

DONE

DOING

    DRAW

DREW

DRAWN                   

DRAWING

    DREAM

DREAMT

DREAMT              

DREAMING

    DRINK

DRANK

DRUNK                   

DRINKING

    DRIVE

DROVE

DRIVEN                 

DRIVING

    EAT

ATE

EATEN                    

EATING

   FALL

FELL

FALLEN               

 FALLING

   FIGHT

FOUGHT

FOUGHT               

FIGHTING

FIND

FOUND

FOUND

FINDING

FLEE

FLED

FLED

FLEEING

FLY

FLEW

FLOWN

FLYING

FORBID

FORBADE

FORBIDDEN

FORBIDDING

FORGET

FORGOT

FORGOTTEN

FORGETTING

FORGIVE

FORGAVE

FORGIVEN

FORGIVING

FREEZE

FROZE

FROZEN

FREEZING

GIVE

GAVE

GIVEN

GIVING

GO

WENT

GONE

GOING

GRIND

GROUND

GROUND

GRINDING

GROW

GREW

GROWN

GROWING

HANG

HUNG

HUNG

HANGING

HAVE

HAD

HAD

HAVING

HEAR

HEARD

HEARD

HEARING

HIDE

HID

HIDDEN

HIDING

HOLD

HELD

HELD

HOLDING

KNEEL

KNELT

KNELT

KNEELING

KNOW

KNEW

KNOWN

KNOWING

LAY

LAID

LAID

LAYING

LEAD

LED

LED

LEADING

LEAN

LEANT,

LEANED

LEANT,

LEANED

LEANING

LEAP

LEAPT LEAPED

LEAPED

LEAPING

LEARN

LEARNT

LEARNED

LEARNED

LEARNING

LIE

LAY

LAIN

LYING

LIGHT

LIT

LIGHTED

LIT

LIGHTED

LIGHTING

MEET

MET

MET

MEETING

MOW

MOWED

MOWN

MOWED

MOWING

RIDE

RODE

RIDDEN

RIDING

RING

RANG

RUNG

RINGING

RISE

ROSE

RISEN

RISING

RUN

RAN

RUN

RUNNING

SAY

SAID

SAID

SAYING

SEEK

SOUGHT

SOUGHT

SEEKING

SET

SET

SET

SETTING

SEW

SEWED

SEWN

SEWED

SEWING

SHAKE

SHOOK

SHAKEN

SHAKING

SHINE

SHONE

SHONE

SHINING

SHRINK

SHRANK

SHRUNK

SHRUNK

SHRINKING

SING

SANG

SUNG

SINGING

SINK

SANK

SUNK

SINKING

SIT

SAT

SAT

SITTING

SLIDE

SLID

SLID

SLIDING

SPEAK

SPOKE

SPOKEN

SPEAKING

SPEED

SPED

SPEEDED

SPED

SPEEDED

SPEEDING

SPELL

SPELT

SPELT

SPELLING

SPILL

SPILT

SPILLED

SPLIT

SPILLED

SPILLING

SPIN

SPUN

SPUN

SPINING

SPIT

SPAT

SPAT

SPITTING

SPLIT

SPLIT

SPLIT

SPLITTING

SPOIL

SPOILT

SPOILED

SPOILT

SPOILED

SPOILING

SPREAD

SPREAD

SPREAD

SPREADING

SPRING

SPRANG

SPRUNG

SPRINGING

STAND

STOOD

STOOD

STANDING

STEAL

STOLE

STOLEN

STEALING

STICK

STUCK

STUCK

STICKING

STING

STUNG

STUNG

STINGING

STINK

STANK

STUNK

STUNK

STINKING

STRIDE

STRODE

STRIDDEN

STRIDING

STRIKE

STRUCK

STRUCK

STRIKING

SWEAR

SWORE

SWORN

SWEARING

SWEEP

SWEPT

SWEPT

SWEEPING

SWIM

SWAM

SWUM

SWIMMING

SWING

SWUNG

SWUNG

SWINGING

TAKE

TOOK

TAKEN

TAKING

TEACH

TAUGHT

TAUGHT

TEACHING

TEAR

TORE

TORN

TEARING

TELL

TOLD

TOLD

TELLING

THINK

THOUGHT

THOUGHT

THINKING

THROW

THREW

THROWN

THROWING

TREAD

TROD

TRODDEN

TREADING

UNDERSTAND

UNDERSTOOD

UNDERSTOOD

UNDERSTANDING

WAKE

WOKE

WOKEN

WAKING

WEAR

WORE

WORN

WEARING

WEAVE

WOVE

WEAVED

WOVEN

WEAVED

WEAVING

WIN

WON

WON

WINNING

WIND

WOUND

WOUND

WINDING

WRITE

WROTE

WRITTEN

WRITTING


 

DO SOME EXCERSICE DIVIDE ALL IN THEIR THREE FORMS



COMPLETE THE STORY BY USING '-ING' FORM OF THE VERBS GIVEN IN THE BRACKETS.ALSO REMEMBER TO ADD SUITABLE HELPING VERBS.



CIRCLE THE MOST SUITABLE VERB.


CHOOSE CORRECT HELPING VERBS 

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